At the southern end of "The Battery", better known as "Battery Park", is a monument worthy of mention. It is the East Coast Memorial, a tribute to the thousands of American servicemen who died in the Atlantic Ocean during World War II.
The memorial was commissioned by the American Battle Monuments Commission. The centerpiece, an 18.5-foot bronze eagle sculpted by the late Albino Manca (1898-1976), swooping down to place a laurel wreath on a wave, a traditional act of mourning those who died at sea. The pedestal of black granite is inscribed as follows:
1941 **** 1945
ERECTED BY THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
IN PROUD AND GRATEFUL REMEMBRANCE
OF HER SONS
WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES IN HER SERVICE
AND WHO SLEEP IN THE AMERICAN COASTAL WATER
OF THE ATLANTIC OCEAN
INTO THY HANDS, OH LORD
An additional inscription on the opposite side reads:
1941 *** 1945
IN ADDITION TO THE 4,597 AMERICAN SERVICEMENT HONORED HERE
WHO LOST THEIR LIVES IN HER SERVICE AND
WHO SLEEP IN THE AMERICAN COASTAL WATERS OF THE ATLANTIC OCEAN
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
HONORS THE 6,185 SEAMEN OF THE UNITED STATES MERCHANT MARINE
AND THE 529 SEAMEN OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY TRANSPORT SERVICE
WHO LOST THEIR LIVES DURING WORLD WAR II
In front of this monument are eight massive pylons each standing 19-feet tall, inscribed with the names of 4,597 American servicemen whose final resting place was in the Atlantic, along with their rank and branch of service (Army, Air Force, Coast Guard, Navy, or Marines). These were installed in February of 1963. The eagle and pylons all face the Statue of Liberty.
"Every generation of Americans must be expected in their time to do their part to maintain freedom for their country." - John F. Kennedy, May 23, 1963.
The memorial was dedicated by President John F. Kennedy on May 23, 1963. In his dedication speech, he so eloquently said, "It is appropriate for us to remember them and also remember those who in 1963 are doing the same thing not in the western Atlantic but much farther from our shores, who also on sea and land are bearing the burden of our defense." The same holds true today.
General Devers, Reverend ,Clergy, Senator Mansfield, Secretary Gilpatric, Mayor Wagner. Admiral Kinkaid, Sir John, Commodore, ladies and gentlemen:
Admiral Rickover wrote me a few days ago describing the ceremony of the commissioning of a new Polaris submarine, the Andrew Jackson. He said to each captain of a new submarine he gives a plaque which contains an old Breton prayer which was said by fishermen from there for hundreds of years, and the prayer says: "O God, the sea is so great and my boat is so small."
The sea has been a friend or an enemy of us all but it has never, since our earliest beginnings, carried special hazards for the people of this country. We started as a beachhead on this continent; our forebears came by that sea to this land. The sea has been our friend and on occasions our enemy, but to life in the sea with all of its changes and hazards was added the struggle with man, and it is that struggle of nature and man which cost us the lives of 4500 Americans whom we commemorate today.
We commemorate them particularly appropriately here in the shadow of the Statue of Liberty. I am sure that their families who will come here and read their names may wonder on occasion whether this rather extraordinary act on their behalf was worthwhile. It is, after all, against the law of nature for parents to bury their children. Children should bury their fathers, and when it is necessary for a father or a mother to bury a son who may range from 18 to 28 with all of his life before him, it represents a special wrench. And I am sure they wonder, with all of the bright promises particularly of World War I and then World War II, what it all meant that we should be in such hazard today. I suppose it means that every generation of Americans must be expected in their time to do their part to maintain freedom for their country and freedom for those associated with it; that there is no final victory but rather all Americans must be always prepared to play their proper part in a difficult and dangerous world. These 4500 Americans did--dying in the western Atlantic--and nearly 20 years later it is appropriate for us to remember them and also remember those who in 1963 are doing the same thing not in the western Atlantic but much farther from our shores, who also on sea and land are bearing the burden of our defense.